About one in five people have symptoms of long Covid five weeks after an initial infection and one in seven after 12 weeks, an Office of National Statistics (ONS) survey suggests.
It estimates that 1.1 million people were affected in the UK in the four weeks from 6 February.
About 20% of people said ongoing symptoms limited their day-to-day activities a lot.
People were asked to report their own symptoms.
The ONS survey asked people if they faced issues such as fatigue lasting more than four weeks after a Covid infection that could not be explained by anything else.
The most common ongoing problems included fatigue, coughs, headaches and muscle pain.
There is no universally agreed definition of long Covid, but it covers a broad range of symptoms including fatigue and muscle pain.
The survey of UK households found:
- People aged 35 to 49 were most likely to report symptoms, followed by those aged 50 to 69
- Women were more likely to report symptoms persisting for at least five weeks after an initial infection
- Health and social care workers reported the highest rates of long Covid compared with other occupations, possibly because of greater awareness and a higher chance of coronavirus exposure
- People with other pre-existing health conditions that limited their day-to-day activities were more likely to report long Covid symptoms
Long Covid is an emerging phenomenon that is not yet fully understood, and the estimates from the ONS are preliminary.
Most people who get coronavirus feel better in a few days or weeks, and the majority will make a full recovery within 12 weeks. But for some people, symptoms can last longer.
People who had mild symptoms at first can still have long-term problems.
NHS England has invested £10m in specialist long Covid clinics. Health officials say anyone who is worried about symptoms a month after getting the virus should speak to their GP.